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Types of Sparkling Wine

When it comes to celebratory occasions, nothing says "cheers" like a bottle of sparkling wine.

Here are the main types of sparkling wine.

  • Champagne
  • Cava
  • Prosecco
  • Asti Spumante
  • Crémant

Understanding the types of sparkling wine can help you make an informed decision.

When it comes to celebratory occasions, nothing says "cheers" like a bottle of sparkling wine. From the pop of the cork to the effervescent bubbles, there's something about this type of wine that feels festive and indulgent. 

While champagne is perhaps the most well-known variety, there are many others to choose from depending on your tastes and budget.

In this article, we will explore some of the different types of sparkling wine available today. 

We will learn about their unique styles and characteristics, as well as what differentiates them from each other.

Main Types of Sparkling Wine


Champagne is a type of sparkling wine that comes from the Champagne region in France. It is made using a specific method called "Méthode Champenoise", which involves a second fermentation process in the bottle to create carbonation. This results in the characteristic bubbly, effervescent quality for which champagne is known.

To produce champagne, grapes such as Chardonnay, Pinot Noir and Pinot Meunier are harvested by hand and gently pressed to extract the juice. Initial fermentation occurs in stainless steel tanks or oak barrels before blending and bottling with additional sugar and yeast for secondary fermentation.

The bottles are then aged on their sides for several months while undergoing a process called sieving, which involves slowly turning and rotating them to move any sediment to the neck of the bottle.


Cava is a sparkling wine that originates from Catalonia, Spain. It is made using the traditional method of secondary fermentation in the bottle, just like champagne. 

However, unlike champagne, which uses three grape varieties: chardonnay, pinot noir and pinot meunier, cava is made from a combination of native Spanish grapes such as Macabeo, Xarel-lo and Parellada.

The Cava production process begins with the grapes being harvested and pressed to obtain the must. The must obtained is fermented in stainless steel tanks before being blended and bottled with yeast and sugar for a second fermentation. 

This process can take between nine months and two years, depending on whether it is a non-vintage or vintage cava.


Prosecco is a sparkling wine originating from the Veneto region in northeastern Italy. It has become increasingly popular over the years, especially in the United States and Europe, due to its light, refreshing taste and affordable price. Prosecco is made from Glera grapes through a unique method called Charmat or Martinotti.

In this process, the grape juice is fermented in pressurised tanks instead of individual bottles. This technique ensures that bubbles form naturally within the wine, resulting in a light and effervescent drink. Unlike champagne, which normally ages for several years before consumption, prosecco should be enjoyed fresh as it does not improve with age.

One of the key characteristics of prosecco is its versatility: it can be enjoyed on its own as an aperitif or paired with a variety of foods, such as seafood, cheese dishes and desserts.

Asti Spumante

Asti Spumante is a type of sparkling wine that originates from the Asti region in Piedmont, Italy. It is made from Moscato grapes and is known for its sweet and fruity taste. The wine has a lower alcohol content compared to other sparkling wines such as Champagne, making it a popular choice for those who prefer lighter drinks.

Asti Spumante is produced using the Charmat method, where secondary fermentation occurs in large stainless steel tanks rather than individual bottles.

This results in a higher concentration of bubbles, which gives the wine its characteristic effervescence. The sweetness of the wine comes from the residual sugar remaining after fermentation, which also contributes to its lightness.


Cremant is a sparkling wine that originates from France. It is made using the same method as champagne but comes from different regions of France. The production process of Cremant involves fermenting the wine twice, first in barrels and then again in bottles with added yeast and sugar. This process gives the wine its distinctive bubbles and unique taste.

Cremant can be produced using several grape varieties, including Chardonnay, Pinot Noir, Pinot Blanc, Riesling and more. Each variety brings its own unique characteristics to the final product. Generally speaking, Cremant wines are fresh, dry, fruity and less acidic than Champagne due to their lower carbon dioxide levels.

Due to its affordability compared to Champagne and other sparkling wines of similar quality standards, Cremant has become increasingly popular worldwide in recent years.


In conclusion, sparkling wine is a diverse and delicious drink with a wide range of types and flavours. Whether you prefer dry or sweet, white or rosé, there is a sparkling wine for everyone. From world-renowned Champagne to the lesser-known varieties of Prosecco and Cava, each type offers its own unique taste and history. 

As you explore this effervescent drink, keep in mind the different production methods used to create various sparklers, which will have a significant impact on their flavour profile. So next time you're looking for something special to toast, try a bottle of sparkling wine and raise a glass to the bubbles!


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